1INVEST ON RAIZERS
Raizers allows you to invest, from €1,000, in a selection of unlisted European investment products selected by our team of analysts. You have access to products that will allow you to build a diversified portoflio, based on 4 types of products:
Our regulatory accreditations require us to limit access to transaction details to persons who already subscribed. Access to transactions therefore requires the creation of an account.
This registration is free and takes only a few minutes. To identify yourself, we ask you to provide us with your contact information (name, first name, email address and telephone number) and to choose your password. You can also register through your LinkedIn profile.
2. Access to your account and detail by project
Your account allows you to access all the information related to the transactions presented on the platform:
This account also allows you to communicate directly with CEOs of the company raising funds via access to a dedicated forum by operation.
Finally, you will find the information provided during your registration on the "My Profile" page.
3. Your investment
Once your selection is made, you can click on the "Invest" button.
First of all, we invite you to complete your profile by specifying your address, nationality, country of residence for tax purposes and by providing us with your IBAN, which is necessary for the repayment of the capital and the payment of interest in the context of lending operations.
If you are a physical person: a valid identity document (identity card, passport, driving licence, etc.) and a proof of residence of less than 3 months;
If you are a legal entity: the valid identity document of the legal representative, an extract from the commercial register of less than 3 months, a copy of your certified articles of association and a shareholder declaration - you can download a copy, print and sign it.
Credit card and bank transfer payments are processed in collaboration with our partner, an approved European payment service provider, MangoPay SA, a subsidiary of Crédit Mutuel Arkea.
The products currently offered on the Raizers platform do not lead to costs for you.
4. Follow up of your investment
Raizers remains your privileged contact after the fundraising. In the vast majority of cases, we become the representative of your interests (equity investment) or of the group of bondholders (bond) after the raising of funds. In the case of investment holding companies, we can also assume the position of chairman of these companies. If this is not the case, this information is specified in the "Interim Information Sheet" before your investment.
In all cases, Raizers provides you with a dedicated interface per operation with all the elements provided by the issuer after the financing. Once a year, Raizers carries out a complete review of the operations which is provided to all investors.
LEND TO REAL ESTATE OPERATORS
Raizers allows investors, individuals or companies, to participate in the financing of real estate development projects (new construction) or operations carried out by property dealers (division and renovation with the goal to resale).
For each selected project, Raizers organizes a fundraising campaign in the form of a bond:
The bond loan is subscribed either:
The loan granted is sometimes accompanied by guarantees provided by the operator, in the form of a personal guarantee on its assets or a first-demand guarantee provided by the group's parent company.
5 GOOD REASONS TO INVEST IN REAL ESTATE CROWDFUNDING
We remind you that lending to unlisted companies involves specific risks (risk warning).
Raizers is in charge of managing bond payback. The operator pays through an escrow account. Necessary tax deductions from your winnings are then made by Raizers before the payment of net interests on your Raizers account. Upon receipt, you can reinvest them in a new operation or request a refund.
* For an individual, the interest you receive on a bond, called "coupons", is a return on capital from the point of view of the Federal Tax Administration. When you file your annual income tax return, you must include these coupons in your overall tax base.
These returns are subject to a 35% withholding tax at source when they are collected from a Swiss company. This federal tax is an anticipation of income tax: its payment is the responsibility of the debtor, i.e. the company issuing the loan.
The 35% withholding tax is refunded to individuals domiciled in Switzerland, provided that they regularly declare, for cantonal and municipal taxes, the income and returns subject to withholding tax as well as the capital that generated them (refund made by the cantons in principle by deduction from cantonal taxes).
* For a company, the refund is granted to legal entities having their registered office in Switzerland, provided that they regularly record as a return the income credited with withholding tax (refund made by the Confederation, more precisely by the Federal Tax Administration).
The conditions for the refund are set out in Art. 21 to 28 Federal Law on Withholding Tax (LIA).
Each year, during the month of February, we send you a Single Tax Report (IFU) containing details of the income collected and the withholding taxes applied in order to facilitate your tax return.
INVEST IN RENTAL REAL ESTATE
Raizers gives you access to a real estate savings product previously reserved for investment professionals: the acquisition of commercial units or blocks of residential property for rental:
Liquidity is ensured by reselling the property in the future (decision taken by the majority of co-owners) or by reselling your shares to other shareholders.
Raizers is in charge of structuring the transaction:
5 GOOD REASONS TO DO REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT THROUGH A CROWDFUNDING PLATFORM
We remind you that investing in the capital of unlisted companies involves specific risks (risk warning).
Dividends distributed to shareholders are returns on capital according to the Federal Tax Administration. When you file your annual income tax return, you must include these coupons in your overall tax base.
Therefore, these distributed profits are subject to the 35% withholding tax when they are collected by a Swiss company. This tax is an anticipation of income tax. The Swiss legal entity withholds and pays the dividends to the beneficiary, i. e. the investor, by deducting the 35% withholding tax.
Withholding tax can be refunded to taxpayers. However, it is necessary for them to declare their cantonal and communal taxes on a regular basis, in the case of natural persons; and for them to record as a return the income subject to withholding tax on a regular basis, in the case of legal persons.
The conditions for the refund are set out in Art. 21 to 28, Federal Law on Withholding Tax (LIA).
GLOSSARY OF REAL ESTATE CROWDFUNDING
1. Personal guarantee
It is quite common to ask, in order to guarantee a loan, that the leader establish a personal guarantee. This commits the manager to his own assets and requires him to personally assume the repayment of debts if they remain unpaid by the company. This personal guarantee must be accompanied by a handwritten text stipulating that the director has control over the scope of the commitments made and their amount. In the event of death, the guarantee is passed on to the heirs at the time of succession, if the succession is accepted. For more details, see our dedicated article on this subject.
2. Duration or maturity of the loan
The duration of the loan, also called maturity, is determined prior to the transaction. It indicates to the investor at what maximum maturity the capital invested and the interest over the period will be repaid. In 2019 for Raizers, the average maturity was 20 months.
In the context of real estate crowdfunding, the issuer is the property developer or property trader. It issues a debt that will be subscribed by investors. The investor lends money to the issuer, who, in return, will pay interest over the term of the loan, in addition to repaying the capital invested.
4. Depreciable loan
An amortizable loan is a loan where the principal is repaid in installments over time. Throughout the term of the loan and according to a schedule established in advance, the borrower will repay part of the principal with interest. He opposes the loan or loan in fine.
Example within the framework of a real estate crowdfunding operation: the investor lends 1000€ at 10% per year for 24 months, amortizable annually, the developer will thus have to pay :
5. Borrowing in fine
The loan or loan in fine, is a loan whose capital will be repaid in full at maturity. The interests can be paid in several installments or at maturity.
Example in the context of a real estate crowdfunding operation: the investor lends 1000€ in fine at 10% per year for 24 months, the developer will have to pay:
6. Flat tax or PFU
In the case of individual investors residing on French territory, interest received in connection with a bond issue is subject to the Prélèvement Forfaitaire Unique . It is divided into two parts: social security levies (17.2%) and income tax (12.8%). In both cases, the deduction is made at source (organized by Raizers) and the interest received by the investor is net of tax.
7. First Demand Guarantee
The first demand guarantee is a security which commits the guarantor (in this case the borrower), in the context of an obligation subscribed by a third party (in this case the investor), to reimburse the sum due, either at the first request of the creditor or according to previously agreed terms. This guarantee is on the same level as a personal guarantee when it is given by a company. For more details, see our dedicated article on this subject.
The financial guarantee of completion is an insurance given (by a bank or an insurer) to a property developer on behalf of the purchasers under compromise of the property to be built. This insurance provides a guarantee that, in the event of default by the developer, the construction will be completed and the purchased goods delivered.
It is issued by an insurer who, in return for a percentage of the construction cost and several guarantees (mortgage, first demand guarantee, personal guarantee of the manager, etc.), undertakes to pay for the construction in the event of default by the builder. Note that for commercial real estate transactions, the GFA is not mandatory. However, it is mandatory for residential real estate.
The mortgage is a security on an existing property (land, building, house ...), allowing the lender to seize the property on his behalf in case of default.
The mortgage may be first or second rank, the rank indicating the order of priority of creditors for repayment.
The first-ranking mortgage ensures that the creditor is repaid first in the event of default. In practice, this means that the creditor will be the first to be paid by the notary once the funds are available. When a creditor takes out a mortgage on a property that has already been mortgaged, it is called a second mortgage, and will have to wait for the first mortgage to be repaid before it can be paid off.
10. Interest and coupons
A coupon is attached to a bond. It represents the interest paid to the holder of that bond, in this case the investor. Historically, bonds were printed on paper and accompanied by detachable coupons, with the payer withdrawing the corresponding coupon as soon as he made a redemption.
To illustrate, let's take the same example as above, with our €1000 bond with 10% interest over 24 months, a coupon is 1000 x 10% or €100 to be multiplied by two, given that this interest rate is over 2 years. This bond is therefore accompanied by two €100 coupons.
11. Bond, bond loan and bond contract
A bond is a debt issued by a legal entity (here a company) to finance itself with investors, called bondholders. Bonds are financial securities that are equivalent to debt for the company issuing them. Within the framework of a bond loan, the company and the investor sign a bond contract that formalizes the loan and sets the maturity (duration of the loan), the interest rate and the other obligations of each.
12. Yield or profitability
When raising finance for a real estate project, an interest rate is negotiated in advance between Raizers and the real estate developer. This rate represents the return on the invested capital that will be paid to the investor, either at regular maturity or at the end of the contract (loan maturity). Example: for 1000€ invested with a 10% return, over a period of 24 months, 100€ will be paid to the investor at the end of the first year, and 1100€ at the end of the second year. That is to say 200€ of interest paid.
13. Mass of bondholders
The bondholder pool represents all bondholders on a single project, as an entity in its own right. The representative(s) have the power, on behalf of the mass, to take decisions in the common interest.
In a project funded on our platform, Raizers represents the bondholders' mass.
14. Liquidity risk
For each transaction, the investor is advised that investing in bonds presents a liquidity risk. Indeed, even though these bonds are freely transferable, there is no market place available to sell them easily. It will therefore be necessary to find on one's own to find an investor willing to repurchase these bonds.
In practice, this means that the investor, unless he finds an external buyer, will only be able to recover his capital at the redemption date stipulated in the bond contract.
A civil construction-sales company (SCCV) is a form of company widely used by developers. The SCCV operates like a classic civil company, its corporate purpose is specific. The SCCV is not directly imposed, it is said to be transparent. Indeed, taxes are paid by its parent company if it is owned by another company or levied on the income of each partner if it is owned by one or more individuals. Its duration is 99 years maximum but it ends as soon as its purpose is achieved (end of construction and sale of lots for example).
In the case of a bond loan, it is the holding company or SAS that owns the SCCV that carries the loan.
VEFA is the acronym for Vente en l'Etat de Futur de Completion. It consists, for a buyer, to buy a housing on plan and thus not completed. The VEFA is a contract between the purchaser and the developer which guarantees the completion of the construction for the purchaser and allows the developer to be paid as the work progresses. To do so, a payment schedule is set by the developer and the balance is paid upon delivery of the property by the purchaser. In the case of a sale by VEFA for residential property, the developer is required to subscribe to a GFA (see definition) to guarantee the completion of the work.
In addition, there are tax advantages linked to the purchase as a VEFA: reduced notary fees because it is a new property (2 to 3% compared to 8% on old property), the Pinel law which allows you to benefit from tax advantages by renting the property for a minimum of 6 years, or even zero rate loans to finance up to 40% of the purchase of a new property, the costs of which are borne by the State.
 This rate is settled every year by the Law of Finance